4.13 Axisymmetric (wedge) condition
There are some ﬂuid ﬂow problems for which the geometry is axisymmetric. Assuming the ﬂow solution is axisymmetric, i.e. ﬁelds do not change in the circumferential direction, the computational mesh can be formed of a wedge-shaped slice of the ﬂow geometry.
This type of mesh for axisymmetric solution contains one cell across the circumferential direction, which reduces the number of cells to two dimensions in the axial and radial directions.
This approach to axisymmetric solution introduces a geometric error due the faces normal to the radial direction being ﬂat. This error reduces with decreasing wedge angle; in practice, the error can be considered negligible for an angle of 1.
The wedge boundary condition is applied to the two sloping side patches. It transforms cell values to the patch faces using a rotational transformation tensor by
The wedge condition uses the general transform framework of Sec. 4.11 , with the explicit value calculated using current from Eq. (4.20). The explicit gradient is the boundary gradient calculated from in an imaginary neighbour cell by
The factor is chosen to minimise the gradient boundary coeﬃcients (see Sec. 4.11 ). The vector factor is where “” is deﬁned in Sec. 4.12 .
For a tensor , the factor is , where are the coeﬃcients for a vector, as described for the symmetry condition in Sec. 4.12 .
The rotation tensor between two unit vectors and can be calculated using the Euler-Rodrigues rotation formula,6